January 16th, 2015
Above: This is my necklace, it is the name of the city “Aleppo”, in Arabic “Halab” and is written like this حلب
Aleppo (Halab حلب) is the largest city in Syria, and the oldest city in the world (12,200 years old). Aleppo was ruled successively by the Hittites, Assyrians, Akkadians, Greeks, Romans, Umayyads, Ayyubids, Mameluks and Ottomans who left their stamp on the city. The old city of Aleppo reflects the rich and diverse cultures of its successive occupants. Many periods of history have left their influence in the architectural fabric of the city. Characterized with its large mansions, narrow alleys, covered souq and ancient caravanserais, the Ancient City of Aleppo became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986.
Since 2012, Aleppo is exposed to destruction, and the losses in ancient and modern city are tremendous. At least 121 historical buildings have been damaged or destroyed – equal to 30 – 40 per cent of the World Heritage property are, in addition to the destruction of more than 1500 shops of the Souq.
What happened in Old Aleppo is a crime against humanity and history, the old city with its monuments belong to all the people of the world. This targeting has resulted in great loss in the components of Syria’s archaeological heritage, which can be added to a long list of painful losses that cannot be replaced.
I will leave you now with photos showing Aleppo “Before and After”:
Above: Aleppo Landmarks. Click on picture for larger image
Above: Signs showing directions to different landmarks in Old City of Aleppo . Click on picture for larger image
Above: The destruction in the Old City of Aleppo. Click on picture for larger image
And here are photos showing the destruction of a number of historical buildings:
It is the largest and one of the oldest mosques in Aleppo. It was built in the beginning of 8th century. However, the current building dates back to the 11th century through the 14th century. The minerate was built in 1090, and was destroyed during the war in April, 2013 (look at first photo).
Above: Inside the Great Mosque of Aleppo
It is one of the oldest mosques in Aleppo, It is located in the Ancient part of the city, north to the Citadel of Aleppo. It was built in the 14th century, and was partially destroyed in 2012.
Above: Kamaliya Mosque جامع الكمالية
It was built in 1764, and the minerate was destroyed in 2013.
It is a mosque complex in Aleppo, located to the west of the Citadel. The mosque was built by ottoman governor of Aleppo Muhammad Pasha in 1551. It is considered to be one of the oldest mosques of the Ottoman period in Aleppo after the Khusruwiyah Mosque.
It is a mosque complex in Aleppo, located southeast of the Citadel. The mosque was commissioned by Khusraw [Hüsrev] Pasha while he was governor of Aleppo under Sultan Suleiman I. It was designed by the renowned court architect Mimar Sinan. It was built in 1546, and was almost entirely destroyed in summer 2014.
It is a madrasa complex in Aleppo, it was built in 1728.
It is a madrasa complex in Aleppo, it was built in 1223, and was partially destroyed in 2014.
Above: Al-Zawia Al-Saiadiyah (Dar Al-Fatwa) الزاوية الصيادية، دار الفتوى
The house of Fatwa Issuance, it was built in 1879, and was destroyed in 2013.
Above: Farhat Square ساحة فرحات
It is located in Al-Jdeideh quarter, it is named after the Archbishop Jermanos Farhat (1670 – 1732) who founded the Maronite library. A statue of the Archbishop was placed in the square for his 200th anniversary in 1934. Three churches surround the square.
It is an Eastern Catholic (Maronite) church in Aleppo, Syria, located in the Christian quarter of Jdeideh. It is named after Elijah the prophet. The church was built in 1873 on the place of the old Maronite church. It was renovated in 1914
It is a 15th-cantury Armenian Apostolic church located in the old christian quarter of Al-Jdeideh. It was destroyed on April 2015.
Hammam Yalbugha is a Mamluk-era public bath (“hammam”) in Aleppo, Syria. The hammam was built in 1491 by the Emir of Aleppo Saif ad-Din Yalbugha al-Naseri. It is located next to the entrance of the Citadel of Aleppo.
Above: Dar Zamaria Hotel فندق دار زمريا
Dar Zamaria was a traditional 19th century Ottoman-style house, originally home to the Zamaria family. Like many of the old homes in Al-Jdeideh quarter, Dar Zamaria was converted into a hotel in the late 1990s when Aleppo went through a boutique tourism revival of sorts.
Above: Photos of Dar Zamaria taken by me in 2008. Click on picture for larger image
Above: Carlton Citadel Hotel فندق الكارلتون
The Carlton Citadel is situated inside a 150 year old building that faces the entrance of the 13th century Citadel, which along with the rest of the Old City is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was destroyed in 2014.
The Grand Serail is the former seat of the governor of the Syrian city of Aleppo. It was built between 1928 and 1933 to serve as the main government building in the city. It was opened in 1933 during the period of the mayor Nabih Martini. The building is located to the south of the Citadel of Aleppo and adjacent to its main entrance.
Above: Khan Al-Wazir طلعة خان الوزير
Above: Al-Madina Souq سوق المدينة . Click on picture for larger image
Al-Madina Souq is the covered souq-market located at the heart of the Syrian city of Aleppo within the walled ancient part of the city. With its long and narrow alleys, Al-Madina Souq is the largest covered historic market in the world, with an approximate length of 13 kilometers. Most of the souqs date back to the 14th century and are named after various professions and crafts, hence the wool souq, the copper souq, and so on. Aside from trading, the souq accommodated the traders and their goods in khans (caravanserais) scattered within the souq. Other types of small market-places were called caeserias (قيساريات). Caeserias are smaller than khans in size and functioned as workshops for craftsmen. Most of the khans took their names after their function and location in the souq, and are characterized by beautiful façades and entrances with fortified wooden doors.
Al-Madina Souq is part of the Ancient City of Aleppo, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986.
Above: Many sections of the souq in the ancient city were destroyed, ruined or burnt as a result of the war. Click on picture for larger image
Above: The Citadel Of Aleppo قلعة حلب . Click on picture for larger image
The Citadel of Aleppo is a large medieval fortified palace in the centre of the old city of Aleppo, northern Syria. It is considered to be one of the oldest and largest castles in the world. Usage of the Citadel hill dates back at least to the middle of the 3rd millennium BC. Subsequently occupied by many civilizations including the Greeks, Byzantines, Ayyubids and Mamluks, the majority of the construction as it stands today is thought to originate from the Ayyubid period. An extensive conservation work has taken place in the 2000s by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture in collaboration with Aleppo Archeological Society. Dominating the city, the Citadel is part of the Ancient City of Aleppo, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986. The Citadel has received significant damage in the ongoing war.
Above: The Main Gate of the Citadel
Above: Ayyubid Hammam inside the Citadel
Above: Windmill inside the Citadel
Above: Damage of the gate
Above: Different photos showing how the Citadel is affected. Click on picture for larger image
Above: An explosion destroyed a section of the wall of Aleppo’s ancient Citadel. This happened in July 2015. Click on picture for larger image
Above: An explosion destroyed a section of the wall of Aleppo’s ancient Citadle. This happened in July 2015. Click on picture for larger image
Above: The destroyed section of the wall of Aleppo’s ancient Citadel. This happened in July 2015.
Above: This is a photo of the Citadel taken on 11/01/2015, Aleppo was covered with snow. Click on picture for larger image
This is the end of this post. Of course, I didn’t cover everything but I did the post to give you an idea about what’s going on in this great city.
Note: I collected the photos from different source on the net, and made them as “before and after”, but photos were not taken by me.
Next post will be an introduction about Aleppine cuisine, then I’ll start to post Aleppine recipes with step by step photos as usual.
Thanks everyone for reading and following the blog. Stay tuned !
Read “Part 2” here: To Aleppo With Love – Introduction, Part 2